By Waltraud Q. Morales
Compliment for the former version: ...the author's devotion to Bolivia and hindrance for its destiny shines through...Recommended.--Choice
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Extra resources for A Brief History of Bolivia
Coastal villagers fished in the mouths of rivers, and as they gradually developed agricultural skills, they began to grow cotton, corn, and potatoes and to domesticate guinea pigs for meat. In the highlands, the early Indian peoples hunted Andean deer and herded llamas for meat and alpacas for wool. One of the first distinctively identifiable cultures is known as the Chavín, named after extensive ruins found on the eastern Andes of Peru. C. C. ) Remnants of Chavín temples and palaces reveal distinctive architecture and decorative carvings of snakes and jaguars and strange figures.
When the Sapa-Inca quite naturally refused, Pizarro had all the pretext he needed, and the Spaniards unleashed a vicious, unforgiving ambush. The attack by cannon, harquebus, crossbow, lance, and sword caught the Inca entirely unprepared, and a slaughter ensued. Several hundred, perhaps more than 1,000, Inca were killed there and then, and Atahuallpa was taken captive without the loss of a single Spanish life. In the space of a few hours, the balance of power shifted completely from what had seemed like a vast and all-powerful Indian civilization to a mere handful of scruffy Spanish soldiers.
Generally, the land was divided into twoacre plots; one whole plot went to each male member of the family and a half plot to each female member. All members of the community were obligated to cooperatively farm the plots of land belonging to the Inca and royal family, the priests, and the community’s widows and orphans, 9 A BRIEF HISTORY OF BOLIVIA The Great Inca Rulers Manco Kapac: founded the empire Sinchi Roca: divided the empire into four regions Mita Kapac: subdued the Kolla and other Aymara kingdoms Kapac Yupanqui: conquered many tribes of the central Andean valleys and made teaching the Quechua language obligatory Inca Roca: made Quechua the sole language of the empire and established schools for the children of the nobility in Cuzco Yuhuar Huácac: weak ruler deposed by his son Ripac, who took the new name of Viracocha Viracocha: extended the empire by far-reaching conquests and built grand palaces and canals Pachacútec: conquered the Chimú Empire in Peru, founded schools and religious centers, constructed a system of aqueducts, and ordered the design of a calendar Inca Yupanqui: extended the empire to the Maule River Tupac Yupanqui: founded Copacabana, constructed the Temple of the Island of the Moon, and marched on Quito (Ecuador) Huayna Capac: married the daughter of the ruler of Quito and ruled over the empire at its greatest extension; divided the empire between his two sons, Huáscar and Atahuallpa Huáscar: Ruled over the southern part of the empire in Cuzco and began a war with his brother, Atahuallpa.
A Brief History of Bolivia by Waltraud Q. Morales