By Carsten Becker
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The suffix -ya has an allomorph -ea which is used when the word the suffix is attached to ends in -e. 3, page 20. 1, page 13. 4, page 29, and especially example 64c. Noun and noun-phrase operations (86c) 39 THIS IS STILL A DRAFT kong rivanyēa kong rivan-ye-ea inside mountain-PL-LOC ‘inside the mountains’ Under certain circumstances, the locative may also be a combination of genitive and locative proper, as exemplified in example 34b earlier: (34b) Ø erpu patameng tang-ya batadan-ena. ’ In this case, an inherent meaning ‘right of ’ may be assumed from the adposition , as the following is ungrammatical, especially since nuveng and patameng are not among the prepositions derived from nouns: (87) *Ø erpu patameng-ya tang-ena batadan-ena.
Constituent order typology (64c) THIS IS STILL A DRAFT 30 Locative without preposition: Ya yoma-yāng nanga-Ø. ’ Especially the locative case marker takes the inherent meaning of a verb regarding the location of its argument for granted. In order to specify the relation between verb and noun as concerns position more elaborately, preposition words. These are derived from nouns, some even from the words for body parts. 7 In the following, there will be a list of all prepositions that Ayeri employs which can be used as independent nouns as well: agonan outside of outside avan at the bottom of bottom, ground dayrin to the side of side, waist kong inside of inside eyran below, under sole ling above, on, on top of; while top marin in front of face pang behind back terpeng among, between middle Table 11: Prepositions derived from nouns Other prepositions include words which are not clearly derived from nouns, and which need to be nominalized in order to be used as nouns: kayvo with; along with kahu distant, far luga among, between; during nasay near nuveng left patameng right Table 12: Prepositions not derived from nouns In order for these specialized prepositions to convey motion along a path, the particle manga8 is used: 7 cf.
Apr. 2010. Web. 30 Jul. 2010. html> Naretayan, Taryan, ed. Sigaray na Perican 693. Avirang: Bukoya Mitanena, 694. Manuscript. † Payne, Thomas E. Describing Morphosyntax. A Guide for Field Linguists. Cambridge: CUP, 1997. Print. Pistor, Christian. “The Syllable Structure of Ayeri’s Stems. ” Tay Benung. The Ayeri Resource. 2003–10. Sangumiray na Velinkay Agonye. 3 Apr. 2010. Web. 2 Jul. 2010. ” Tay Benung. The Ayeri Resource. 2003–10. d. Web. 1 Aug. 2010. 1 i Appendix: First names Masculine names Ajan, Ajān, Akan, Alingo, Alinko, Amān, Apan, Apapan, Apinisa, Apican, Apitisu, Aruno, Ayondan, Bahisang, Bakatayan, Banan, Banvāyon, Bayasino, Bayhan, Bayhikāryo, Bayhilan, Bayhipangal, Baykan, Paypang, Bihān, Canya, Casukolun, Denan, Diyan, Diyatan, Dugamang, Gahān, Gebisyan, Gin, Gindati, Gumkay, Hadakāryo, Hinvo, Hiro, Idampisa, Idampyam, Ikan, Ilompangal, Itingayon, Kadijān, Kadisvati, Kagan, Kaman, Kan, Kaytomay, Kolumakang, Kolun, Kruy, Kruyan, Kruyikan, Kuysāryan, Lakay, Lantān, Lantaya, Lanyan, Lanyapangal, Latun, Layrivan, Ledo, Lesayivako, Linko, Lingvā, Lingyam, Lita, Lugamakang, Mahān, Makalano, Makampangal, Makang, Makārya, Makāryān, Malimaya, Mangan, Mangān, Mangyan, Maran, Marandan, Maranko, Maripuntayan, Matikan, Matikisu, Mavahang, Mayaran, Metāhang, Metida, Mican, Mico, Mikadan, Mingperoy, Mingrenoy, Mingtiga, Miromān, Nahampadang, Nahang, Nahangbahis, Nahangduga, Nahangkāryo, Nahangrivan, Nahangsirutay, Nakauran, Nake, Naraban, Nibān, Nilyaman, Niyas, Pakay, Palungyan, Pangal, Paymayam, Peran, Pilisvarya, Pinyān, Prano, Pulan, Puntayan, Radanan, Rivahang, Sān, Sedan, Semapayis, Sempay, Sikatān, Sikomban, Silvaban, Simileno, Sinisu, Sirimang, Sirtaneng, Sirtang, Sopan, Suhing, Sungkoran, Taboy, Taboyan, Tahacān, Tang, Tapan, Taranan, Taryan, Tavisāya, Telbān, Telbisu, Tenan, Tendan, Tenyam, Tiganisuyam, Tikim, Tipal, Togas, Toryan, Tukong, Ulang, Ven, Vey, Veykan, Vipin, Virang, Vituran, Yan, Yivakan, Yivako, Yonang.
A Grammar of Ayeri by Carsten Becker