New PDF release: A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into

By Mizuho Yabushita

ISBN-10: 9811003319

ISBN-13: 9789811003318

ISBN-10: 9811003327

ISBN-13: 9789811003325

The subject of this thesis is catalytic conversion of non-food, plentiful, and renewable biomass equivalent to cellulose and chitin to chemical compounds. In biorefinery, chemical transformation of polymers to worthy compounds has attracted world wide curiosity for construction sustainable societies. First, the present state of affairs of this scorching examine zone has been summarized good within the common advent of the thesis, which is helping readers to familiarize yourself with this subject. subsequent, the writer explains high-yielding creation of glucose from cellulose through the use of an alkali-activated carbon as a catalyst, leading to a yield of glucose as excessive as 88%, that's one of many maximum yields ever said. The characterization of carbon fabrics has indicated that susceptible acid websites at the catalyst advertise the response, that's markedly varied from said catalytic platforms that require robust acids. moreover, the 1st catalytic transformation of chitin with retention of N-acetyl teams has been built. the mix of mechanocatalytic hydrolysis and thermal solvolysis permits the creation of N-acetylated monomers in sturdy yields of as much as 70%. The catalytic structures established during this thesis are specified within the fields of either chemistry and chemical engineering, and their excessive efficiencies can give a contribution to eco-friendly and sustainable chemistry sooner or later. in the meantime, mechanistic reports in line with characterization, thermodynamics, kinetics, and version reactions have additionally been played to bare the jobs of catalysts in the course of the reactions. the consequences should be worthwhile for readers to layout and boost new catalysts and response systems.

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Extra resources for A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into Chemicals: Fusion of Chemical Sciences and Engineering

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Sanborn AJ (2008) Process for the production of anhydrosugar alcohols. US Patent 7,420,067 84. Liu A, Luckett CC (2011) Sorbitol conversion process. US Patent 7,982,059 85. Kobayashi H, Yokoyama H, Feng B, Fukuoka A (2015) Dehydration of sorbitol to isosorbide over H-beta zeolites with high Si/Al ratios. Green Chem 17(5):2732–2735 86. Otomo R, Yokoi T, Tatsumi T (2015) Synthesis of isosorbide from sorbitol in water over high-silica aluminosilicate zeolites. Appl Catal A Gen 505:28–35 87. Morita Y, Furusato S, Takagaki A, Hayashi S, Kikuchi R, Oyama ST (2014) Intercalation-controlled cyclodehydration of sorbitol in water over layered-niobium-molybdate solid acid.

The synthesis of a tetrapeptide. J Am Chem Soc 85(14):2149–2154 149. Kobayashi H, Yabushita M, Hasegawa J, Fukuoka A (2015) Synergy of vicinal oxygenated groups of catalysts for hydrolysis of cellulosic molecules. J Phys Chem C 119(36):20993– 20999 150. Kobayashi H, Komanoya T, Hara K, Fukuoka A (2010) Water-tolerant mesoporous-carbon-supported ruthenium catalysts for the hydrolysis of cellulose to glucose. ChemSusChem 3(4):440–443 151. Komanoya T, Kobayashi H, Hara K, Chun W-J, Fukuoka A (2011) Catalysis and characterization of carbon-supported ruthenium for cellulose hydrolysis.

Zhang J, Li J-b WuS-B, Liu Y (2013) Advances in the catalytic production and utilization of sorbitol. Ind Eng Chem Res 52(34):11799–11815 66. Chen K, Tamura M, Yuan Z, Nakagawa Y, Tomishige K (2013) One-pot conversion of sugar and sugar polyols to n-alkanes without C–C dissociation over the Ir-ReOx/SiO2 catalyst combined with H-ZSM-5. ChemSusChem 6(4):613–621 67. Shiramizu M, Toste FD (2012) Deoxygenation of biomass-derived feedstocks: oxorhenium-catalyzed deoxydehydration of sugars and sugar alcohols.

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A Study on Catalytic Conversion of Non-Food Biomass into Chemicals: Fusion of Chemical Sciences and Engineering by Mizuho Yabushita

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