Download e-book for kindle: A Survey of the Lepidoptera, Biogeograhy and Ecology of New by J.D. Holloway

By J.D. Holloway

ISBN-10: 9400995970

ISBN-13: 9789400995970

ISBN-10: 9400995997

ISBN-13: 9789400995994

I spent 4 months in New Caledonia in 1971 with the item of constructing a quantitative survey of the night-flying macrolepidoptera with light-traps and an evaluation of the Rhopalocera and microlepidoptera. This fieldwork was once financed via a central authority Grant-in-Aid for clinical Investigations adminis­ tered by means of the Royal Society, and by means of a furnish from the Godman Fund. I committed an additional 3 weeks to sampling on Norfolk I. , and, with assistance from neighborhood naturalists, Mr. and Mrs. F. JOWETT, was once in a position to produce a close account of the biogeography and ecology of the moth fauna (HOLLOWAY, 1977). This ebook is an account of the result of the recent Caledonian paintings, including stories of the geology, phytogeography and basic zoogeography pre­ sented as heritage for the Lepidoptera fauna and its geography. prior paintings at the macroheterocera, basically papers by way of VIETTE (1948- 1971), had recorded now not many greater than 100 species, a really low overall contemplating the realm of the island relative to that of the Fiji crew the place the moths have been being studied through Dr. G. S. ROBINSON while the recent Caledonian excursion used to be on the drawing board. The Fijian fauna then promised ponder­ ably to exceed 300 species. obviously many extra species awaited discovery in New Caledonia.

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Extra info for A Survey of the Lepidoptera, Biogeograhy and Ecology of New Caledonia

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Figure 7 shows up several groupings of Pacific archipelagoes, groupings that are also obtained from a single-link analysis of the table of KROEBER coefficients in BALGOOY. e. ; the Carolines and Marianas in Micronesia; the New Zealand continental shelf 41 Table 1. Matrix of PRESTON coefficients for Pacific island groups in terms of their floras. Sols StCr NHeb NCal Loys LdHw Nor! 36 areas, together with the Kermadecs, Lord Howe I. and Norfolk I. The Juan Fernandez Is. link in at a high level with the Chatham Is.

Oligocene macrofossils have been attributed to Pittosporum, Carpodetus and Geniostoma. Pittosporum (Pittosporaceae) is a widely distributed Palaeotropical genus with subcentres in Malesia, Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand and Hawaii. Carpodetus (Escalloniaceae) is today recorded from New Guinea, the Solomons and New Zealand and therefore is not truly Indo-Malayan, perhaps 37 originally austral in character. Geniostoma (Loganiaceae), recorded as a microfossillater in the Miocene, is widespread with a derived genus in Hawaii and a centre in New Caledonia.

Presumably the Sulu and Palawan arcs and their associated marginal basins are of a similar date. KATILI has suggested that the subduction zone migrated at the Oligocene/Miocene boundary to a zone extending from the S. , the northern and southern arms of Sulawesi and the Balabalangan Is. to the vicinity of Java. In the Middle and Upper Miocene he suggested it migrated again to its present position associated with the Banda Arcs. Such migrations could have been associated with the opening of the associated marginal seas, the Sulawesi and Banda Seas respectively.

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A Survey of the Lepidoptera, Biogeograhy and Ecology of New Caledonia by J.D. Holloway

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