By Anthony H. Cordesman
The Maghreb--Morocco, Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia--is a quarter overburdened via pointless army costs. regardless of power civil conflicts and militarized regimes in a few international locations within the quarter, there are literally few real exterior threats, and the defense force are actually mostly used to take care of inner security.
A targeted country-by-country evaluation of the effectiveness of army forces, and their impression on neighborhood economics, indicates that the zone is still a mosaic of conflicting nationwide goals, yet strategic pursuits were supplanted by way of inner conflicts, tensions, and politics. Declining army budgets are resulting in declining army power and potential, yet they belie the Maghreb's strength for armed clash and human anguish. even if the Maghreb is a provider of oil and typical gasoline, which typically guarantees the eye of the West, this tragedy of fingers will get little realization from the surface international. which means the clients for the sector are persevered wasteful army spending, and the ensuing damage to nationwide fiscal and political health.
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Additional info for A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb
26 North African Active Bomber, Fighter, FGA, and Strike Combat Aircraft by Type in 2001 (Does not include Light Attack and COIN, Combat Capable Trainers, or Aircraft in Storage) 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 J-7 J-6 F-16C/D F-16A/B F-5E/F F-5A/B F-4E Alphajet Mirage 2000 Mirage V Mirage F-1 Su-20/22 Su-24 MiG-21 MiG-23 MiG-25/25R Tu-22 Morocco 20 13 29 - Algeria 10 76 70 20 - Libya 48 35 45 6 50 130 67 6 Tunisia 15 - Egypt 53 44 164 35 28 41 18 69 54 - Source: Adapted by Anthony H. Cordesman from the IISS, Military Balance, various editions.
4 billion in arms, and delivered over $5 billion of this total by 1990. There were about 1,065 Soviet and East European advisors in Algeria in 1990, roughly half of whom worked at Algerian training academies and service schools. The rest were assigned to individual combat units and equipment repair installations. Soviet bloc advisors were responsible for heavy maintenance and major training activities for Algeria’s T-62 and T-72 tank units, its SA-2, SA-3, and SA-6 missiles, and its MiG-21, MiG23, and MiG-25 aircraft.
4 shows that the breakup of the FSU and the end of the Cold War helped lead to major changes in the ﬂow of arms to Algeria and Libya. Between 1989 and 1992 Russia sold $900 million worth of arms to Algeria and $1500 million to Libya. Between 1993 and 1996 Russia sold only $300 million worth to Algeria and less than $50 million to Libya. Between 1995 and 1998 Russia sold only $400 million worth to Algeria and virtually no arms to Libya. Algeria shifted its purchases to buy most of its arms from European states while Morocco and Tunisia continued to obtain most of their arms from Europe and the US.
A Tragedy of Arms: Military and Security Developments in the Maghreb by Anthony H. Cordesman