By Mark Deyrup
Ants are common to each naturalist, ecologist, entomologist, and pest regulate operator. The id of the 233 species of Florida ants is technically tough, and data on Florida ants is dispersed between hundreds and hundreds of technical magazine articles. This ebook makes use of targeted and gorgeous medical drawings for handy identity. To so much Florida biologists ants are at present the main inaccessible team of conspicuous and intrusive bugs. This publication solves the dual difficulties of ant identity and the extreme fragmentation of average background information regarding Florida ants.
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Additional info for Ants of Florida: identification and natural history
Groups of these flexible hairs often cling together, a feature not seen in other Florida species. The pubescence of haematodus is also relatively dense, but the hairs are not flexible, and stand up from the surface of the gaster. The male is brownish yellow, with huge, protruding ocelli, each as wide as the space between the eye and the lateral ocelli. The males of Florida haematodus that I have seen are also brownish yellow but do not have extraordinarily large, protruding ocelli. Within the Southeast, there is some variation in workers, but apparently based on habitat rather than geographic variation.
Male opacior have light brown wing veins, unlike the transparent wing veins of opaciceps. Male inexorata have brown veins, but are at least 3 mm long, larger than male opacior. Wingless females with large eyes, probably ergatoid queens, occasionally occur in colonies of opacior. There is some variation in size and color, as in many other ponerine ants, but I have not found any structural differences associated with this variation. I have looked at specimens from much of the range in the United States, and several Caribbean islands, and have a feeling that there may be two or more species included under the name opacior.
There can be no confusion between the genera in Florida, as we have only one species, Anochetus mayri, whose small size (approximately 4 mm) and double-pointed petiole immediately distinguish it from Florida Odontomachus, which are larger (9 mm or more) with a single petiolar spine. Like Odontomachus, Anochetus has a snapping mechanism that can close the jaws with great force and speed, disabling small prey. Foraging is usually nocturnal, and prey is captured by ambush or slow stalking (Brown 1978).
Ants of Florida: identification and natural history by Mark Deyrup