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By Serge-Christophe Kolm and Jean Mercier Ythier (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0444521453

ISBN-13: 9780444521453

The instruction manual at the Economics of Giving, Reciprocity and Altruism offers a complete set of stories of literature at the economics of nonmarket voluntary transfers. the principles of the sphere are reviewed first, with a chain of chapters that current the challenging middle of the theoretical and empirical analyses of giving, reciprocity and altruism in economics, reading their relatives with the viewpoints of ethical philosophy, psychology, sociobiology, sociology and financial anthropology. Secondly, a accomplished set of functions are thought of of the entire facets of society the place nonmarket voluntary transfers are major: family members and intergenerational transfers; charity and charitable associations; the nonprofit economic climate; interpersonal kin within the place of work; the Welfare kingdom; and overseas relief.

*Every quantity includes contributions from prime researchers
*Each instruction manual offers a correct, self-contained survey of a selected subject
*The sequence presents entire and obtainable surveys

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Three 45 On the top of the usual tax on a higher income through a lower transfer (but it leaves the child’s on the same utility level), there is this second tax of the merit good. 46 See for instance Zeldin (1995) on affection for children appearing at the turn of the 20th century in the US among the poorest classes of the population. 5) where his time was used to produce consumption, via earnings. 918 A. Laferrère and F. Wolff main cases may be considered. In the first, the parent is an (impure) altruist and the non-altruistic child is more than compensated for his effort in helping the parent.

48 That the transfer amount can rise with the child’s income in the case of exchange stands in contrast to the altruism model, where a richer child receives a lower gift. While a negative derivative ∂T /∂Yk is compatible both with the exchange and altruism motives, the empirical finding of a positive effect of Yk on T indicates the existence of exchange, or reciprocity, within the family. 49 Note that at the limit Uv = 0 (the parent is not only a constrained altruist, but a non-altruist) and this second regime of non-altruism can be written in the following way: max U = U (Yp − T , S) T ,S (44) under the participation constraint (42).

The parent’s utility U is defined over private consumption Cp and the different amount of services provided by each child Si (i ∈ {1, . . , n}). The parent’s wealth Yp finances Cp and a global bequest T to the n children. ,Sn ,T U = U (Cp , S1 , . . t. Cp = Yp − T (50) 924 A. Laferrère and F. Wolff The parent manipulates his children and uses the promised inheritance to influence ex ante their decisions (Hoddinott, 1992). t. Cki = Yki + ρki T (51) with VS < 0. Each child i receives a fraction ρki of T in exchange of the attention devoted to the parent.

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Applications by Serge-Christophe Kolm and Jean Mercier Ythier (Eds.)


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