By Shawn D. Mansfield, John N. Saddler
Applications of Enzymes to Lignocellulosics covers learn concentrating on realizing the basic microbiology, biochemistry, genetics and enzymology of microorganisms and their extracellular enzymes, whereas simultaneously manipulating those biocatalysts to change lignocellulosic processing in an environmentally benign demeanour.
Furthermore, it demonstrates contemporary findings in a couple of parts regarding forestry, pulp and paper, and wood-derived items, together with: xylanase-aided biobleaching, direct bleaching with oxidative enzymes, enzyme-induced ameliorations to inherent fibre morphology, more suitable paper recycling, enzymatic de-inking, mill whitewater remediation, and conversion of lignocellulosic to value-added items, comparable to fuel-grade ethanol.
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Extra info for Applications of Enzymes to Lignocellulosics
Research on lignocellulose enzymology also included the identification and characterisation of all major hemicellulolytic enzymes participating in the hydrolysis of hemicellulosic substrates (22-35). Trichoderma reesei has been used as the model organism for the characterization of the enzymatic system of lignocellulose degradation. The three dimensional structures of the T reesei family 11 xylanases have also been determined (36, 37), as well as those of mannanase and acetyl xylan esterase (38, 39).
1980, 22, 177199. 188. E. In Handbook on Bioethanol. E. Ed. , 1996, 1-18. 189. ; Keating, J. ; Saddler, J. N. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2002, 59, 443-448. ch001 190. H. Biores. Technol. 1997, 59, 129-136. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2003. O. Box 1500, FIN-02044 VTT, Finland ch002 The versatile microbial systems in nature degrade vast amounts of biomass into carbon dioxide, and are partially responsible for the carbon cycle in the hemisphere. Different types of micro-organisms produce a variety of enzymes which depolymerize organic polymers and complex compounds into small metabolizable molecules that serve as energy and nutrient source for these organisms.
1996, 46, 319-326. 100. V. Pulp Paper Can. 1992, 93, 39-42. 101. ; Viikari, L. In Xylans and Xylanases. J. Eds. Elsevier, Amersterdam, 1992, 547-550. 102. W. Appita J. 1997, 50, 415-422. 103. W. Appita J. 1997, 50, 509-518. 104. J. Enzyme Microb. Technol. 1994, 16, 492-495. 105. ; Preselmayr, W. Pulp Paper Internat. 1992, 34, 87-89. 106. E. J. Pulp Paper Sci. 1995, 21, J191-J196. 107. ; Siles, J. Appita J. 1997, 50, 144-148. 108. ; Ohira, Y. Japan Tappi J. 1993, 47, 111-115. 109. N. J. Biotechnol.
Applications of Enzymes to Lignocellulosics by Shawn D. Mansfield, John N. Saddler